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Sumba Iconic Island Initiative

Photo: John Estey
  • Sumba Iconic Island Initiative

    Aim

    To provide access to reliable and 100 percent renewable forms of energy for the 750,000 inhabitants of Sumba Island, ending their dependency on fossil fuels and supporting gender-balanced development and economic activities of the people.

    Where

    Sumba Island, East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia.

    Why

    Access to energy is very limited in Indonesia‘s rural areas, especially on remote islands. Sumba is one of the most remote and disadvantaged islands of the Indonesian archipelago. Without electricity, its children cannot do their homework at night, and its families cannot run competitive businesses.But Sumba has many potential sources of renewable energy such as biogas (waste from livestock), water, wind, biomass and solar energy that would benefit the population. If these sources were fully harvested, they could be used to drive the local economy forward and alleviate poverty on the island.

    How

    Access to alternative renewable energy is created through a bottom-up collaboration between government(national, regional and local), the state electricity company PLN, private sector enterprises (some through their Corporate Social Responsibility activities), civil society organizations, international donors and energy access projects that contribute to the Iconic Island roadmap. In addition to addressing energy access, coalition partners also promote economic opportunities for women in the community.

     

    Results so far

    Thanks to the Sumba initiative, the electrification rate increased from 24.5% in 2010 to 42.67% in 2015, nearly 17% of it generated by renewable energy. The collaboration initiative has provided 4,158 households with access to electricity, invested over 135 billion Rupiah in renewable energy, provided tens of training programs and produced over 30 renewable energy research and development projects. It has brought significant changes to certain areas of the island, transforming dry savanna into vegetable gardens, seasonal craftsmen into successful artisans, and cattle drivers into diligent farmers. A three-year monitoring cycle is in progress,and an update will be available in October 2018.

    Period and budget

    2012-2018, €7 million (40 percent from the Netherlands Directorate General for International Cooperation, 46 percent from the Millenium Challenge Corporation, 14 percent from the Norwegian Embassy)

    Initiators

    Hivos, WinrockInternational, IBEKA

    Coalition partners

    The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, the East Nusa Tenggara Provincial Government, the four-Districts Government of Sumba, the State Electricity Company PLN, Yayasan Rumah Energi and several local civil society organisations on Sumba.