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    This End-Term Evaluation of the Citizen Agency Consortium Green and Inclusive Energy Program presents the main findings, conclusions and lessons learned from the program, carried out by a consortium of Hivos ENERGIA and IIED during the period 2016 – 2020. The evaluation was carried out by a team of three consultants from ImpacTrack, a consultancy […]

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    Access to affordable and reliable energy enables growth of local economies. And demand for energy ensures feasibility of business models for decentralised energy solutions such as mini-grids. Demand is not necessarily automatic, and an important part of demand stimulation is through productive uses of energy (PUE): using energy to increase income and productivity. But many […]

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    Significant progress has been made in improving access to electricity, but 789 million people worldwide still go without. The gap for cleaner cooking is even greater: 2.8 billion people worldwide cannot cook cleanly and safely. The reliability of energy delivery is also still a massive challenge. The energy finance scenario is complex and varies widely […]

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    Public finance must boost demand for improved and ‘cleaner’ cookstoves by addressing the affordability gap in the poorest households —through price subsidies, concessional end-user financing, and other means. And it must increase supply to expand distribution channels — for example through grants, concessional finance, guarantee instruments, and patient capital to enterprises. This policy briefing offers […]

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    COVID-19 pandemic has impacted rural areas and informal and small businesses operating in these last-mile communities. This brief includes a set of recommendations developed by Hivos and partners to support the most vulnerable, including low-income households, women and MSMEs, to cope with the current crisis, and at the same time promote an inclusive and green […]

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    The report “Beyond Fire: Backcasting a pathway to fully electric cooking in rural Kenya by 2030″ shows that working together with communities and investing in their social capacity are key to success in the transition to 100% electric cooking. This new report by Hivos and the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) calls for a better understanding […]

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    This briefing paper is a shorter, more concise version of the discussion paper ‘Financing Decentralized Renewable Energy: What funding sources and instruments can be applied?‘ Both documents seek to explore the opportunities to unlock finance for Decentralized Renewable Energy (DRE) solutions that impact the ‘last mile’, thereby providing an impetus to the work on accessing […]

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    Electricity provision is inherently decentralized since the starting point of
    providing electricity is a wire reaching the consumer. In fact, the central grid in
    most developed countries was formed by the joining of many decentralized
    mini-grids.